In your step-by-step-landscape-plan, start with whatever element is most important to you (trees, flowers,water
elements, etc.), and plan around those.
If you have no landscaping or very little, walk your property and decide (visualize) where you want all of your landscaping elements:
- trees and what kind
- beds (shade, sun, or a combination of the two)
- decorative (bird baths, statuary,etc.) *** Keep decorative elements and container plants to a minimum if your yard is small as it can easily end up looking ill-planned and cluttered.
- walkways, dog runs, etc.
- water areas (pools, ponds, waterfalls)
- recreational areas
- Any additional uses you have planned.
Another approach in my step-by-step landscape plan is to visualize my yard in "segments". For
example, one segment would be the areas on either side of your front door.
Another would be around a pool, another maybe an area between your patio
and fence that's just right for a small bed; sort of a block-by-block
concept. (See Additional Suggestions below for more ideas I've used in my landscape).
Basic Design Elements
- No tiny beds for a huge yard, a giant commercial sized pot or
lamp post for a really small yard, or a two-story house with a tiny tree
- (Plantings and decorative items should be appropriate for your
yard and size of your beds).
- You wouldn't want a large tree or pool on one side of your yard
and nothing to balance it out on the other, or a few tall flowers in a
bed of very short ones.
- Keep in mind the colors of your house when deciding on colors
for flowers, flowering trees and shrubs. You probably wouldn't want to
have orange flowers with a pink-toned house. Colors can create an
emotional impact. Soothing color combinations can be restful; bright colors
can be stunning and exciting.
- Your design should flow smoothly. I like to use curved beds a
lot because they naturally draw the eye to the next area of your
- Keep your plantings and yard art as similar in type as
possible. No garden gnomes with roman statues or tall skinny cypress
trees with palm trees.
- Just as in a painting, a good focal point really draws attention
to your garden. I have a larged circular bed with curved borders in my
front yard (see my home page) with a couple of trees, shrubs, and a lot
of flowers. I get more compliments on that than anything else in my
landscape. A focal point in your back yard might be a pool, a waterfall or
- Everything I do in my garden I think ahead of the type of care
it will need and how I can make it as care-free as possible. Keep in
mind how much weed-eating/edging will be required as you plan and try to
lessen that where you can. Also, group plants in your yard according to their watering needs to avoid over or under-watering.
- Another element that is always evident in great landscapes is
"layering". It makes your landscape look incredibly lush and very
appealing to have 3 "layers" of plants in your beds, from the tallest in the back to the border flowers in front.
- I live on a corner, so I have a long fence-line at the back
with about 12" of grass. I put in lava rock and thin metal edging at the
sidewalk so there's no mowing or edging needed there.
- I also have 3
Bradford Pears on the parkway that kill the grass below. A good
solution for this area was to use Hostas under the trees which are
beautiful, love the shade and require no edging. I did put a metal edging
around the entire area as well.